Traumatic brain injuries can cause lifelong problems with speaking, learning and movement. In some cases, victims of such injuries cannot work, and they may require around-the-clock care.
Not all TBIs result in permanent disability, since they run the gamut from mild concussions to serious head injuries that cause permanent damage. With appropriate medical treatment and ample rest, many people make full recoveries from mild traumatic brain injuries. Other victims are not so fortunate and may suffer long-term pain and complications.
The attorneys at the Law Offices of Alan LeVar work with traumatic brain injury patients and their loved ones to recover compensation that can help with lost wages, medical bills and necessary ongoing care.
What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by a violent blow or jolt to the head that disturbs the brain’s normal functioning. The Centers for Disease Control notes that not every bump to the head results in a TBI, and severity can range from a brief disruption to consciousness to a long period of memory loss or unconsciousness following an injury. Mild TBIs are known as concussions.
TBIs are a leading cause of disability and death in the United States, playing a role in about 30 percent of all deaths resulting from injuries. More than 150 people nationwide die each day from injuries related to TBIs, and those who survive can face a lifetime of hardship.
Children, young adults between the ages of 15 and 24, and seniors over the age of 75 are most at risk from traumatic brain injuries. For individuals between the ages of 5 and 24, vehicle crashes are the leading cause of TBIs.
Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
A variety of symptoms can indicate that you or a loved one have suffered a traumatic brain injury. If you experience any of the following symptoms, see a doctor as soon as possible for evaluation.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Loss of memory of the cause of the injury or events that occurred just before or after.
- Dizziness, blurred vision or headache.
- Disorientation or confusion.
- Vomiting or nausea.
- Trouble remembering new information.
- Difficulty with speaking.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Emotional changes.
The variety and severity of symptoms may depend on which of the three types of traumatic brain injury a patient suffers. A mild TBI, also called a concussion, causes only brief loss of consciousness or no loss of consciousness. Symptoms typically resolve quickly.
A moderate TBI can cause unconsciousness for more than 30 minutes, along with symptoms that are more serious and last longer, including persistent headaches and confusion. In the case of a severe injury, a patient may be unconscious for more than a day and experience similar symptoms that last longer and are more severe, including worsening headaches, repeated vomiting, seizures or convulsions, and the inability to awake from sleep.
Leading Causes of TBIs
Falls account for nearly half of all deaths, emergency room visits and hospitalizations related to traumatic brain injuries. Among seniors over the age of 65, falls account for nearly 80 percent of deaths and hospitalizations related to TBIs.
The second-leading cause of TBIs, accounting for about 15 percent of deaths and hospital visits, is being struck by an object. Overall, motor vehicle crashes constitute the third-leading cause, responsible for 14 percent of all deaths and hospitalizations related to TBIs.
Injuries can occur when playing sports, including football, soccer and other high-impact sports. In other cases, such as vehicle crashes, someone else’s negligence may contribute to a traumatic brain injury.
The Alzheimer’s Association reports that over the past three decades, a growing body of research has linked moderate and severe TBIs to an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s or other types of dementia years later.
Among other severe and potentially long-lasting effects of TBIs are changes to awareness and consciousness including coma or vegetative state, damage to blood vessels, seizures, nerve damage that can cause paralysis and vision loss, degenerative brain diseases, and ongoing problems with memory, communication and cognition.
If you or a loved one have suffered a traumatic brain injury due to someone’s negligence, it’s vital that you work with an experienced personal injury lawyer. For a consultation about your case, please contact the Law Offices of Alan LeVar.